When not at war, armies are often used to control civil disorders, especially in eras of rapid social change and unrest. But in nineteenth century Europe, without the technological advances of modern armies and police forces, an army’s only advantages were discipline and organization—and in the face of popular opposition to the regime in power, both could rapidly deteriorate. Such was the case in France after the Napoleonic Wars, where a cumulative recent history of failure weakened an already fragile army’s ability to keep the peace. After the February 1848 overthrow of the last king of France, the new republican government proved remarkably resilient, retaining power while pursuing moderate social policies despite the concerted efforts of a variety of radical and socialist groups. These efforts took numerous forms, ranging from demonstrations to attempted coups to full-scale urban combat, and culminated in the crisis of the June Days. At stake was the future of French government and the social and economic policy of France at large. In Controlling Paris, Jonathan M. House offers us a study of revolution from the viewpoint of the government rather than the revolutionary. It is not focused on military tactics so much as on the broader issues involved in controlling civil disorders: relations between the government and its military leaders, causes and social issues of public disorder, political loyalty of troops in crisis, and excessive use of force to control civil disorders. Yet somehow, despite all these disadvantages, the French police and armed forces prevented regime change far more often than they failed to do so.
France and 1848
An extensive and authoritative study that examines the economic, social and political crises of France during the revolution of 1848. Using analysis of original sources and recent research, Fortescue here offers new interpretations of events leading up to and after the second republic was declared. Looking at Louis Philippe's overthrow, the proclamation of manhood suffrage and the unexpected success of the right-wing in the subsequent elections, this book evaluates the political history of France in 1848 and the French political culture of the time. This should be read by all students of nineteenth century history, political scientists and all those with an interest in the historical development of French political culture.
The Republican Experiment 1848 1852
A distinguished French historian traces the history of France under the Second Republic. His approach emphasizes the relationship between the political history of the period and the history of popular culture and thought.
Catalog of Copyright Entries Third Series
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The Students of Paris and the Revolution of 1848
In the February revolution of 1848, French students and their allies from the Latin Quarter stirred a peaceful crowd at the Madeleine into a turbulent mob marching on the Chamber of Deputies. Students constructed, manned, and even commanded barricades throughout Paris while medical students cared for the wounded of both sides. John G. Gallaher is the first historian to analyze the crucial role played by these students in the revolution that deposed Louis Philippe and created the Second Republic. He looks at conditions in the academic community on the eve of the revolution. He then traces the role played by students during the course of the revolution and the days after. Finally he explains why the students who supported the revolution in February turned against the workers and artisans of Paris when the barricades were raised again in June. In spite of a tradition of revolution, these students favored moderate reform, not political and social upheaval.
The politics of rural life
The first full scholarly study of rural politics in France during the Second Republic (1848-1852), this book examines the Revolution of 1848 and the subsequent regime that changed the face of mass politics in France. Unprecedented numbers of French men and women participated in legal and illegal forms of political activity during a period of protracted crisis which was ultimately resolved by a military coup d'etat. McPhee explores this neglected period of rural France and draws on hundreds of regional studies to examine the large-scale political mobilizations of right and left in the countryside, and offers a new synthesis and interpretation of these years. A lucid and scholarly analysis of a turbulent period in modern French history and its long-term social and political consequences, this book shows that rural politics were both more complex and more threatening to urban elites than has been generally recognized.
Melbourne Historical Journal
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Annuario dell Istituto storico italiano per l et moderna e contemporanea
Istituto storico italiano per l'età moderna e contemporanea (Rome, Italy) A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Annuario dell Istituto storico italiano per l et moderna e contemporanea Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
Revolt to revolution
Michael Elliott-Bateman A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Revolt to revolution Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.